• Composition is the way in which different parts of an image are arranged. We use composition techniques to create images that help the viewer to understand our message more powerfully.

    There are many composition techniques in photography and in art. One of the most widely used techniques is Framing.

  • Framing uses natural or man-made objects to focus the viewer's attention on the main subject.

  • Frames can be made of a large variety of objects:
    • Overhanging branches
    • Holes in a fence
    • A door or window
    • A mirror
    • Arches
    • Railings
    • Car windows
    • Rocks
    • A hole in something

  • The Rule of Thirds can then also be applied to the framed subject.
  • Have your subject think of a particular emotion to get a more interesting photo.
    • Sad
    • Happy
    • Annoyed
    • Scared
    • Hopeful
    • Excited
    • Angry
    • Shocked
    • Nervous
    • Upset
    • Content
    • Relaxed
    • Amused
    • Curious
    • Playful
    • Thoughtful
    • Inspired
    • Disappointed
    • Confused
    • Shy
  • You will see some examples of framing in a Flickr gallery


  • Take 3 framing photos. Each one must feature a different frame. Get creative in finding frames, you might be surprised by what you find

  • If it improves the photos, apply the Rule of Thirds


1) Correct Content

Do your photos feature 3 different frames?

2) Elements and Principles of Design

Each photo should feature at least 2 Elements or Principles of Design. You should plan this out before you take the shot. Decide if you need to make any changes beforehand.

Elements - Colour, Texture, Form, Shape, Value, Line

Principles - Balance, Perspective, Repetition, Contrast, Unity, Emphasis, Proportion

3) Creativity / Originality- 30 marks

Your photos should not look like snapshots. Try to create images that are like paintings; make specific decisions about what to include, what not to include, what angle to shoot from, what's in the background, what colours are in the image, and how the photo is lit. The use of Elements and Principles is part of this mark as well.

4) Professionalism

Professionalism is based on the attention paid to the accurate and careful presentation of the final project. Marks will be deducted from your skills/technical if your work is not submitted by the due date.

  • 3 electronically submitted photographs
  • images must be in colour
  • images must be re-sized: 9.5 inches before framing
  • images must be 180 dpi
  • images must be in maximum quality JPG format
  • Images must have a black and white frame.
  • Add a title outside the frame: lower center
  • Add a date outside the frame: lower right
  • Add a your name outside the frame: lower left

Name your photos in the following way :

  • username_framing1.jpg
  • username_framing2.jpg
  • username_framing3.jpg

5) Journal Entry

Planning - Insert 3 sample framing images from the Internet that you like. Your planning can be based on these images or it can be different.

For each planned image (3), answer the following:

- What is the subject of the photo?
- Where will you take it?
- What will you use as a frame?
- Which emotion are you trying to convey?
- Describe how you will incorporate at least two Elements and Principles
- Describe any other methods will you use to make the photo interesting (dof, shutter speed, rule of thirds, color splash, silhouette, etc)

Reflection - Write a two-paragraph entry. Describe each of your 3 photos. What Elements and Principles of Design are present? How did you make your images interesting and attractive? What did you find challenging about this assignment? What did you learn?